- Examination and testing by allergologist
- Extended allergologic testing (prick test/inhalation allergens: 20-30 allergens, and alimentary allergens: 20-30 allergens)
- RIST and RAST
- Specific hyposensitization
- Photobio ("biolaser") therapy in the treatment of allergies and chronically altered nasal and sinus mucosa
Testing for allergen hypersensitivity is performed by use of skin tests (mostly prick test) with standardized allergen preparations. Testing is done to group or individual inhalation allergens (mite, pollen of trees, grasses and weeds, animal hair, feather, and molds), and alimentary allergens. Topical skin reaction develops in contact with the allergen, thus confirming the body hypersensitivity. There is no age limit for skin prick testing, whereas the series of allergens used on skin testing primarily depends on patient age and disease symptoms. Positive skin test is confirmed by determination of IgE antibodies in blood (RIST and RAST).
Immunotherapy, hyposensitization, or allergy vaccination
Immunotherapy is the most natural treatment modality for allergic diseases. It is highly efficacious when used in properly selected patients. Immunotherapy modifies the natural course of disease, prevents or slows down development of new allergies, and even of asthma in patients with allergic rhinitis. Immunotherapy is recommended at the beginning of disease, in individuals with hypersensitivity to a small number of related allergens, by use of standardized products. Immunotherapy can be performed by subcutaneous injections or in the form of sublingual drops.